Surgical Nursing

Nurses are trained professionals who are employed in various areas of health care in order to cater the health needs of individuals. They play different roles including educating patients about proper self care and assisting doctors to provide direct medical treatment. A number of nurses choose to specialize in a specific area of patient care. One of the most pursued specializations is surgical nursing. Surgical nurses assist surgeons with surgical procedures. They are commonly known as OR (operation room) nurses.

Surgical nurses are registered nurses who specialize in surgery and work in operating rooms. In order to become a registered nurse, one must complete at least two years in college, taking coursework in liberal arts and sciences. Potential RNs must complete at least one term of clinical education and work with patients in a hospital setting under the supervision of a registered nurse. After graduation, one must take and pass the nursing licensure examination known as the National counsel Licensure exam for RNs or NCLEX.

After practicing surgical nursing for 24 months, nurses must take the Medical-Surgical Nursing exam. This exam is optional and is offered several times in a year. Surgical nurses must complete their 30 hours of continuing education credits before they can the Medical-Surgical exam.

A surgical nurse participates is a number of surgeries such as elective, laparoscopic, emergency, minor and major. It is the duty of the surgical nurse to hand sterilized surgical instruments to the doctor and record the vital signs of the patient. It is also his duty to provide suction to an area and perform additional tasks such as counting sponges used. Other responsibilities of a surgical nurse include assisting patients before and after the surgery and contacting the patient's family.