Surgical nurses are registered nurses who specialize in surgery and work in operating rooms. In order to become a registered nurse, one must complete at least two years in college, taking coursework in liberal arts and sciences. Potential RNs must complete at least one term of clinical education and work with patients in a hospital setting under the supervision of a registered nurse. After graduation, one must take and pass the nursing licensure examination known as the National counsel Licensure exam for RNs or NCLEX.
After practicing surgical nursing for 24 months, nurses must take the Medical-Surgical Nursing exam. This exam is optional and is offered several times in a year. Surgical nurses must complete their 30 hours of continuing education credits before they can the Medical-Surgical exam.
A surgical nurse participates is a number of surgeries such as elective, laparoscopic, emergency, minor and major. It is the duty of the surgical nurse to hand sterilized surgical instruments to the doctor and record the vital signs of the patient. It is also his duty to provide suction to an area and perform additional tasks such as counting sponges used. Other responsibilities of a surgical nurse include assisting patients before and after the surgery and contacting the patient's family.